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Food & Beverage

The food and beverages industry is all companies involved in processing raw food materials, packaging, and distributing them. This includes fresh, prepared foods as well as packaged foods, and alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages. Any product meant for human consumption, aside from pharmaceuticals, passes through this industry.

Avocado

 

The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree native to Central Mexico, classified in the flowering plant family Lauraceae along with cinnamon, camphorand bay laurel. Avocado or alligator pear also refers to the fruit, botanically a large berry that contains a single seed.

 

Avocados are commercially valuable and are cultivated in tropical and Mediterranean climates throughout the world. They have a green-skinned, fleshy body that may be pear-shaped, egg-shaped, or spherical. Commercially, it ripens after harvesting. Trees are partially self-pollinating and often arepropagated through grafting to maintain a predictable quality and quantity of the fruit.

 
Coffee & Tea

 

Coffee is a brewed beverage prepared from the roasted seeds of several species of an evergreen shrub of the genus Coffea. The two most common sources of coffee beans are the highly regardedCoffea arabica, and the "robusta" form of the hardier Coffea canephora. Coffee plants are cultivated inover 70 countries, primarily in equatorial Latin America, Southeast Asia, Maldives, and Africa. Once ripe, coffee "berries" are picked, processed, and dried to yield the seeds inside. The seeds are then roasted to varying degrees, depending on the desired flavor, before being ground and brewed to create coffee.

 

Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the tea plant, Camellia sinensis. After water, tea is the most widely consumed beverage in the world. It has a cooling, slightly bitter, and astringent flavour that many people enjoy.

 
Palm Oil

 

Palm oil is derived from the fruit of the oil palm tree. The palm fruit yields both palm oil and palm kernel oil. Palm oil is extracted from the pulp of the fruit and is edible oil used in food. There are several commercial variants of palm oil, such as, crude palm oil (CPO), refined palm oil, RBD palmolein, and palm kernel oil.

Refined derivatives of CPO are mostly used as edible oil. Refined products of CPO are preferred in confectionery and bakery industries due to their cost competitiveness. After an unprecedented upsurge in crude oil (petroleum) prices, the use of CPO in bio-diesel has increased significantly. Environmental concerns have lately promoted the use of CPO in lubricants. Palm kernel oil is extracted from the seed of the fruit and is used in the manufacture of cosmetics.

There are two main species of oil palm tree; Elaeis guineensis, native to West Africa and Elaeis oleifera, native to Central and South America. Both species grow in tropical regions including Colombia in South America, New Guinea in the Pacific, Ghana in Africa and Indonesia and Malaysia in Southeast Asia.

Desku Group has vast quantities of CPO supplies from Central America as well as West Africa.

Spices

 

A spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark, or vegetative substance primarily used for flavoring, coloring or preserving food. Sometimes a spice is used to hide other flavors.

 

Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are parts of leafy green plants also used for flavoring or as garnish.

 

Many spices have antimicrobial properties. This may explain why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious disease, and why use of spices is especially prominent in meat, which is particularly susceptible to spoiling.

 

A spice may have other uses, including medicinal, religious ritual, cosmetics or perfume production, or as a vegetable. For example, turmeric roots are consumed as a vegetable and garlic as an antibiotic.