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Petrolium Products

Petroleum products are useful materials derived from crude oil (petroleum) as it is processed in oil refineries. Unlike petrochemicals, which are a collection of well-defined usually pure chemical compounds, petroleum products are complex mixtures. The majority of petroleum is converted to petroleum products, which includes several classes of fuels.

 

Those obtained from crude oil and natural gas processing, including (among many others) asphalts, automotive gasolines, aviation gasolines, fuel oils, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), lubricants, naphthas, and waxes.
 

Crude Oil

 

Crude oil is a naturally-occurring substance found in certain rock formations in the earth. It is a dark, sticky liquid which, scientifically speaking, is classified as a hydrocarbon. This means, it is a compound containing carbon and hydrogen, with or without non-metallic elements such as oxygen and sulfur. Crude oil is highly flammable and can be burned to create energy. Along with its sister hydrocarbon, natural gas, derivatives from crude oil make an excellent fuel.

 

Crude oil is a naturally-occurring substance found in certain rock formations in the earth. It is a dark, sticky liquid which, scientifically speaking, is classified as a hydrocarbon. This means, it is a compound containing carbon and hydrogen, with or without non-metallic elements such as oxygen and sulfur. Crude oil is highly flammable and can be burned to create energy. Along with its sister hydrocarbon, natural gas, derivatives from crude oil make an excellent fuel.

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Diesel

 

Diesel fuel is a petroleum-based fuel that's used to power many types of vehicles and boats. It's made of a blend of crude oil components called hydrocarbons. The components for making this fuel are refined out of crude oil, usually by fractionate distillation. Though it's often used for similar purposes to those of gasoline, it burns differently, and so needs a different type of engine to work. Additionally, although diesel is heavier and less volatile than gasoline, it is often more efficient, especially with heavy loads.

 

This fuel has a wide range of uses, including in private vehicles, public transportation vehicles, and 18 wheelers and other large delivery trucks. Many off road vehicles also run on diesel, as do many boats. Its efficiency makes it popular for use in farm and military vehicles as well. Diesel is used to power machinery as well: a lot of industrial and construction equipment runs on it. Also, it's commonly used to power generators.

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Jet Fuel/Aviation Fuel

 

Jet fuel is a clear to straw-colored fuel, based on either an unleaded kerosene (Jet A-1), or a naphtha-kerosene blend (Jet B). It is similar to diesel fuel, and can be used in either compression ignition engines or turbine engines.Jet-A powers modern commercial airlines and is a mix of pure kerosene and anti-freeze and burns at temperatures at or above 49 degrees Celsius (120 degrees Fahrenheit). Kerosene-based fuel has a much higher flash point than gasoline-based fuel, meaning that it requires significantly higher temperature to ignite and It is a high-quality fuel.

 

Aviation fuel is a specialized type of petroleum-based fuel used to power aircraft. It is generally of a higher quality and often contains additives to reduce the risk of icing or explosion due to high temperature.

Most aviation fuels available for aircraft are kinds of petroleum spirit used in engines with spark plugs, or fuel for jet turbine engines, which is also used in diesel aircraft engines.

Mazut

 

Mazut is a heavy, low quality fuel oil. Mazut is the residue from distillation of gasoline, ligroin, kerosine, and diesel oil fractions from petroleum. Mazut may be used as boiler fuel oil, in the preparation of distillate and residual lubricating oils, in cracking or hydrogenation processes for the manufacture of motor fuel (gasoline or diesel oil), and in the production of bitumen and coke, depending on its chemical composition and properties.

 

Types of Fuel oil:

  • High Sulphur Fuel Oil ,  HSFO

  • Low  Sulphur Fuel Oil  ,  LSFO

Types of Mazut:

  • CST 180

  • CST 280

  • CST 380

  • M100